A head-and-shoulders photo of Dr Nawshad Haque.

Dr Nawshad Haque is a member of CSIRO's process engineering team.

Dr Nawshad Haque: life cycle assessment and flowsheet modelling of mineral processing

Dr Nawshad Haque is researching life cycle assessment, techno-economic evaluation and flowsheet modelling of mineral processing.

  • 18 January 2008 | Updated 14 November 2013

Current activities

Dr Nawshad Haque is a Senior Scientist and Research Team Leader with CSIRO's life cycle assessment (LCA) and techno-economic evaluation team.

He works on process flowsheet modelling, economic and environmental evaluation of process systems for mining, mineral processing and metal making industries using various tools, databases and software.

Dr Haque also leads Environmental LCA Project in CSIRO's Minerals Down Under Flagship which investigates energy, greenhouse gas, water and solid waste footprints of metal production.

Dr Haque has extensively studied LCA of iron and steel making. He studied LCA of underground, open-cut, heap leaching, in-situ leaching mining methods and the extraction of iron ore, bauxite, copper, gold, nickel and uranium ores. He has completed LCA of other metals such as aluminium, magnesium, ferroalloy, gold and nickel to identify opportunities for CO2 emission reduction.

Dr Nawshad Haque works on process flowsheet modelling, economic and environmental evaluation of process systems for mining, mineral processing and metal making industries using various tools, databases and software.

He evaluated new opportunities such as biomass-derived charcoal application in steel making with fossil coal blends to reduce carbon footprints. He also evaluated application of biocoke, bioanode, biopitch in aluminium metallurgy using LCA tools and techno-economic considerations.

He was part of the team who studied LCA of nuclear fuel cycle. Based on these studies, he produced numerous research reports and also published papers that have been used internally in CSIRO and by various external industry groups.

He also focuses on the world behind the mineral products manufacturing process, during its use and its disposal after use. His aim is to help in designing technology that can do more with less, generating minimum or no waste to the land or air.

Using the LCA tools and software, he estimates the footprint of a product or process on our environment and finds ways we can develop a clever, integrated, sustainable industrial process by mimicking natural ecosystems where one person's waste is another person's treasure. This approach is known as industrial ecology.

Dr Haque has recently been involved in the evaluation of a range of projects funded through Minerals Down Under Flagship (environmental footprints of mining and mineral production), Transformational Capability Fund (Robust process design driven by Life Cycle Analysis), Orica-CSIRO Alliance program (Ammonia synthesis), recycling, in-situ leaching, process evaluation of rare earth processing and dewatering technologies and involving projects with other external industry partners.

Dr Haque is also a supervisor of three Ph.D. students at Monash University and University of Technology in Sydney on LCA of copper, rare earth and other metals. Biomass in the Iron and Steel Industry Project is jointly sponsored by:

  • Australian Steel Industries

This project involves survey of biomass resources, developing an LCA, techno-economic modelling capability for biomass application in iron and steel industry and the development of a charcoal database.

The project aims to better understand the potential issues related with biomass application in iron and steel industry, such as:

  • charcoal application in iron and steel making
  • LCA and techno-economic assessment of woody and other biomass in iron and steel making


Dr Haque commenced work as a Materials Scientist at New Zealand Forest Research Institute (Scion).

Later he was seconded to CSIRO Forest Biosciences at Clayton. Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, where he conducted research with Ensis – the CSIRO/Scion joint venture on drying.

In July 2007 he joined CSIRO Process Science and Engineering as a Process Modeller.

His current research follows on from his doctoral work and later research on drying process evaluation, modelling, simulation and optimisation for primary industries.

Dr Haque’s research interests include:

  • techno-economic evaluation of mineral processing
  • flowsheet modelling of mineral processing
  • life cycle assessment of mineral processing
  • drying technology for process industries

Academic qualifications

Dr Haque has been awarded a:

  • Bachelor of Science from Chittagong University, Bangladesh, in 1994
  • Master of Science from the University of Wales, United Kingdom, in 1997
  • Doctor of Philosophy from the Department of Chemical Engineering of The University of Sydney, Australia, in 2002.

His doctoral work focused on modelling and optimisation of timber drying.


Dr Haque's achievements include being the recipient of several scholarships.

Dr Haque and co-authors have published more than 40 refereed articles.

He has presented in a number of national and international conferences and produced a number of research reports for industries.

Find out more about the use of biomass in the steel industry resourceful Feature: A vision in charcoal.