A white shark with an acoustic tag.

An adult white shark tagged off South Australia.

10 facts about white sharks

National white shark research coordinated by CSIRO investigates movement patterns and population connectivity using electronic tagging technologies including satellite tracking and acoustic tagging.

  • 6 June 2013 | Updated 5 February 2014
What is the conservation status of white sharks and why are they vulnerable?

White sharks are protected in Australian and international waters.

How many distinct white shark populations exist in Australia?

Genetic evidence indicates two populations of white sharks exist in Australia.

Where do white sharks go in Australian waters?

White sharks are not permanent residents at any one site.

Can white shark numbers be estimated?

No reliable estimates exist of white shark population size or trends in Australian waters.

What is known about white shark attack behaviour?

An understanding of white shark movements and behaviour is important to understanding aspects of shark attack.

How are white sharks tagged and tracked?

Acoustic tags are attached externally to larger sharks. Smaller sharks are held in a cradle during a minor surgical procedure.

How many white sharks have been tagged in Australia?

Some 250 electronic tags have been deployed on 210 different white sharks since 2000.

What white shark research is happening now?

White sharks are tagged at nursery areas and aggregation sites to study their movements and populations.

Does berleying affect white shark behaviour?

Berleying operations have changed the timing of shark visits to the North Neptune Islands.

What is the purpose of shark nets?

Shark nets are a fishing device designed to reduce the risk of shark attack by catching and killing sharks.