Providing Australia with solutions for water resources management while protecting and restoring our major water ecosystems.
CSIRO's Water Book
Water: Science and Solutions for Australia provides information on the status of Australia’s water resources and their future prospects, the many values we hold for water, and the potential for using water more effectively to meet the growing demands of cities, farmers, industries, and the environment. Available for free download in multiple formats.
About the book
Information about what's in CSIRO's Water Book, its intended readership and options for downloading a copy.
The Water Book Foreword by Megan Clark and Andrew Johnson.
Around the world, access to water has always been a key determinant of how and where human populations have flourished. Australia is no different.
Chapter 1: Current water availability and use
Overall, Australia has sufficient water resources to support its current uses, consuming six per cent of renewable water resources each year.
Chapter 2: Water values
As a society, Australians value water highly for a range of economic, environmental, social, and cultural benefits, which at times are in conflict with each other.
Chapter 3: Water and climate
Floods, droughts, and climate change are the three most important influences of climate on Australia’s water resources.
Chapter 4: Groundwater
Groundwater use is increasing and it is the main source of water for much of Australia’s dry interior.
Chapter 5: Water quality
Strict water quality controls are in place to protect human health and aquatic ecosystems from chemical and biological pollutants.
Chapter 6: Urban water sustainability
An extra 10 to 20 million people could be living in Australian cities by 2050, requiring more water supplies, more wastewater disposal, and greater energy use to provide these services.
Chapter 7: Future urban water supplies
Australia’s largest cities are forecast to require 1150 GL/year (or 73 per cent) above the current supply of 1505 GL/year by 2050. In addition, current supplies will probably reduce as a result of climate change, requiring additional augmentation.
Chapter 8: Irrigation
Irrigated agriculture is productive and profitable, generating 50 per cent of all agricultural profit from just 0.5 per cent of agricultural land.
Chapter 9: Water for the environment
Aquatic and water-dependent ecosystems require surface water flows or access to ground water to survive. They include Australia’s highly valued rivers, lakes, floodplains, wetlands, and estuaries.
Chapter 10: Water in mining and industry
Mining, manufacturing, and other industries use about 20 per cent of all water consumed in Australia. They use water in cities and in some fully or over-allocated rural systems, placing them under the same pressures as other users to use water more efficiently.
Chapter 11: Conclusions
There is a high level of expectation of benefits from water resources across a wide spectrum of economic, social, and environmental values.
Assessing Australia's water resources
Assessing current and future water availability in major water systems across Australia to provide a consistent framework for future water policy and management decisions.
Resilient cities of the 21st century
Our research into resilient water systems is supporting Australian cities to produce high quality water from wastewater, stormwater and roof water sources.
Mitigating environmental contaminants
We have expertise in reusing water, managing contamination and providing environmental solutions for resource developments.
International water research and development
We are working nationally and internationally to increase access to safe water and inform policies and strategies that support effective water resource management.
Water in the resources sector
Research to better understand the risks and impacts associated with Australia’s coal and onshore gas resources for efficient, socially and environmentally responsible development.
Algal blooms are a major hazard to safe water supply as well as potentially dangerous to human, animal and fish health.
What are blue-green algae?
Blue-green algal blooms are a major hazard to water supplies as well as potentially dangerous to human, animal and fish health.
Blue-green algae research
CSIRO water scientists have a long-standing active program building up an understanding of the complex chain of events that leads to an algal bloom, and the aftermath of toxins released into the water.
Problems and risks with blue-green algae
Toxins in blue-green algae may harm human and animal health if allowed to multiply to large numbers.
There are a number of options (physical, biological and Nutrient control) for management and control of blue-green algae