Monoman Creek, South Australia

Monoman Creek, South Australia.

CSIRO Land and Water overview

CSIRO Land and Water conducts research to understand natural and engineered land and water systems and to predict how they respond to change.

  • 28 February 2011 | Updated 15 October 2012


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CSIRO Land and Water scientists are working on the big challenges that are facing Australia and the world now and into the future including:

  • increasing scarcity of land and water resources and the compounding effects of land degradation and climate change
  • the need to increase global food production by 75 per cent by 2050 using the current area of arable land and within a carbon-constrained world
  • the impacts of  global human population growth and aspirations for western-level standards of living on water supply, food production, resource security, waste management (particularly greenhouse gases), energy production and environmental quality.

Our research on these challenges is being used by Australian governments and major industries to underpin future policies and programs on land and water resources.

Research challenges in land and water have biophysical, economic and social dimensions. CSIRO Land and Water research is concerned primarily with the biophysical dimension.

We estimate and predict the stores, flows and transformations of energy, water, nutrients, solutes, contaminants and genetic material in the environment.

Our primary tasks are to estimate the efficiency of water, nutrient and energy use in all systems of land utilisation and to understand the fate and impact of contaminants in aquatic and terrestrial environments.