The McArthur Mk5 Forest Fire Danger Meter.
McArthur Mk 5 Forest Fire Danger Meter
The McArthur Mk 5 Forest Fire Danger Meter is used by rural fire authorities to forecast fire danger in Australian forests.
12 September 2008 | Updated 14 October 2011
The McArthur Forest Fire Danger Meter (FFDM) first appeared in operational use in 1967 as the Mk 4 FFDM.
This meter, for the first time, brought together the results of over 800 experimental fires and wildfire observations into an easy-to-use system to determine the fire danger in forested areas of Australia.
It was designed for general forecasting purposes and is based on the expected behaviour of fires burning for an extended period in high eucalypt forest carrying a fine fuel load of 12.5 tonnes/hectare and travelling over level to undulating topography.
Fire danger index
The FFDM gives a fire danger index that is related to the chances of a fire starting, its rate of spread, its intensity, and its difficulty of suppression, according to various combinations of air temperature, relative humidity, wind speed and both the long and short-term drought effects.
The meter is based on the expected behaviour of fires burning for an extended period in high eucalypt forest.
An index of 1 means that a fire will not burn, or will burn so slowly that control presents little difficulty. An index of 100 means that fires will burn so fast and hot that control is virtually impossible.
The index is divided into five fire danger ratings (Low, Moderate, High, Very High, and Extreme) that represent the degree of difficulty of suppression.
In 1973, a metrified version of the FFDM was produced. Since that time the FFDM has been widely accepted and is used by all rural fire authorities in Australia (except WA) and the Bureau of Meteorology.
The fire behaviour table on the back of the meter is currently under revision due to the results of Project Vesta.
To view image click on picture.
Obtaining a fire danger meter
All fire danger meters produced by CSIRO are available from:
Styrox (Aust) Pty Ltd
PO Box 461
Mona Vale NSW 2103
ph: +61 2 9997 1000
fax: +61 2 9997 2924
Learn more about our research in Bushfires.