This National Science Week, Australia’s national science agency, CSIRO, has revealed how a secret recipe to get Black Soldier Flies in the mood could help tackle our local food waste crisis.

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Working with Canberra-based start-up Goterra , CSIRO’s farming experts have been testing lighting, temperature, moisture, surface texture and diet in a bid to find the perfect combination of conditions that will encourage flies to mate.

By boosting egg-laying, Goterra will be able to breed more insects to eat through food waste and turn it into compost – reducing landfill, emissions from transporting food to landfill, and enriching soil with nutrient-rich fertiliser.

This is just one of a number of CSIRO projects designed to kick-start the growth of a new Australian industry that will use insects to tackle challenges like food waste and create a more sustainable source of protein for human consumption.

Farming insects sustainably requires less land and water, while still maintaining a high protein production.

Working alongside the University of Adelaide, CSIRO is now expanding its partnership with Goterra to investigate which native Australian insects are the best nutritional choices for human consumption.

CSIRO's Australian National Insect Collection will help identify native species of insects that are potential candidates for the edible insect industry in Australia, and work with local Aboriginal communities to understand traditions around witjuti grubs, bogong moths and green tree ants, which are known for their zesty citrus-tasting abdomens.

Later this month, CSIRO will host an international symposium on edible insects, and begin work on an industry roadmap to identify unique Australian opportunities to grow a local insect industry.

CSIRO Chief Executive Dr Larry Marshall said solving our national challenges of food security and environmental sustainability called for precisely the kind of innovative science and technology we celebrate during National Science Week.

“CSIRO has been at the forefront of agricultural and food innovation in Australia for over a century, so it’s fitting that today we’re using that expertise to grow a new local industry using native Australian resources like insects,” he said.

“Growing a new industry is a complex, multidisciplinary challenge, but with CSIRO’s expertise spanning farming, insects, nutrition, economic and environmental forecasting, and collaboration with industry, government and universities, we have a strong track record for turning excellent science into real-world solutions.”

While working with CSIRO, Goterra CEO Olympia Yarger had the Australian soldier fly Hermetia olympiae named after her, and said working with an organisation as diverse as CSIRO meant her business could develop in multiple directions.

“We were inspired to start the business out of passion for insects and a belief in harnessing them to work for us, whether that’s as a source of food with edible insects, or to process food waste using larvae,” Ms Yarger said.

“Our solution is focused on technology to create opportunities to use insects as a biological service. We're building the technology to breed the insects and transport them to wherever there is a need, creating a mobile and versatile alternative to everything from sources of protein to landfill.”

Goterra accessed CSIRO expertise with funding from the CSIRO Kick-Start Program, which matches start-ups and small/medium businesses with research and development activities. CSIRO’s partnership with the University of Adelaide is part of CSIRO’s Industry PhD program, which offers science PhD students experience working on real industry challenges.

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Media call

Media are invited to attend Canberra-based insect start-up Goterra at 10am on Wednesday 14 August to hear from:

  • Goterra CEO Olympia Yarger on the Goterra business model
  • CSIRO insect behaviour expert Dr Cate Paull on the sex lives of flies
  • CSIRO entomologist Dr Bryan Lessard on the future of edible insects
  • CSIRO conservation scientist Dr Rocio Ponce Reyes on the sustainability credentials of the insect industry

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  • Two women in protective clothing working with a sample tab.

    CSIRO's Dr Cate Paull and and Goterra CEO Olympia Yarger at Goterra.  ©CSIRO

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  • Black soldier fly

    Black soldier fly, Hermetia illucens.  ©CSIRO

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  • Black soldier fly maggots, or larvae.

    Black soldier fly maggots, or larvae, ready to turn food waste into nutrient-rich fertiliser.  ©CSIRO

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  • CSIRO's Dr Bryan Lessard identifying insects.

    CSIRO's Dr Bryan Lessard identifying insects.  ©CSIRO, MARTIN OLLMAN

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  • Black soldier fly frass

    Black soldier fly frass - the end product.  ©CSIRO

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Additional information

National Science Week

During National Science Week, CSIRO is sharing stories of partnerships to invent the industries of tomorrow. Read more about Goterra and other partners at


Canberra-based business Goterra offers modular, transportable solutions to breed insects for waste management, saving food from landfill and generating a nutrient-rich fertiliser in the process. They are currently exploring expansion into the edible insect business. Read more at

Dr Bryan Lessard

CSIRO entomologist Dr Bryan Lessard, aka Bry The Fly Guy, who named a species of fly after Goterra CEO Olympia Yarger, focuses on species discovery and creating a better understanding of our unique biodiversity. In 2012, he named a new species of horse fly Scaptia (Plinthina) beyonceae after singer Beyonce Knowles-Carter.

Edible Insect Symposium

CSIRO will host an international symposium in Brisbane on 28-30 August, 2019, exploring developing Australia’s edible insect research and industry to improve environmental, health and cultural outcomes. Read more at

CSIRO Kick-Start

The CSIRO Kick-Start Program helps Australian start-ups and SMEs (small and medium-sized enterprises) access facilitation and dollar-matched funding to undertake research and development activities with CSIRO. This program forms part of CSIRO’s strategic commitment to deepening our direct support for Australian start-ups and in areas of national growth priorities. For more information, visit

CSIRO Industry PhD (iPhD) program

Launched in 2017, CSIRO’s iPhD program offers science PhD students experience working at CSIRO and with a relevant industry partner to create research leaders who are work ready and understand the needs of industry.

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Jenna Daroczy

Manager, Media and Corporate Communication

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