The squid were filmed at depths of two to three kilometres during deep-sea survey voyages led by Australia's national science agency, CSIRO.
Marine scientist Deborah Osterhage said Bigfin Squid belonged to the family Magnapinnidae, a group of deep-sea squid which have large fins and extremely long, slender arm and tentacle filaments.
"Sightings of Bigfin Squid are very rare. These are the first records in Australian waters, adding to only a dozen confirmed sightings worldwide," Ms Osterhage said.
"Most previous reports have been of single Bigfin Squid, so it's exciting to have recorded five in the Great Australian Bight.
"Differences in their appearance meant we were able to confirm they were five separate individuals, rather than the same squid multiple times, and although the surveys covered a relatively large area, the squid were actually found clustered close together."
Two of the squid were filmed using a specially designed deep-water towed camera system during a voyage on CSIRO research vessel Investigator, while the other three were filmed using deep-water Remotely Operated Vehicles (ROVs) on the charter vessel REM Etive.
"After spotting Bigfin Squid in the towed camera footage we were really on the look-out for them during the subsequent ROV voyage," Ms Osterhage said.
"The ROVs were controlled by operators on the ship, and scientists were able to direct what was filmed.
"We were very excited to see the Bigfin Squid again and obtain this extraordinary footage.
"It has enabled us to learn more about this elusive and intriguing deep-sea squid.
"We measured one Bigfin Squid using parallel laser measurement guides and found it was over 1.8 metres long, with arm and tentacle filaments more than 11 times the mantle (body) length.
"We also observed their colour and behaviours, including filament coiling, a behaviour not previously seen in squids."
Prior to these voyages almost nothing was known of animals living in the benthic zone (the zone near the sea floor) in the Great Australian Bight deep-sea.
"We also saw brightly coloured corals, tulip-like glass sponges, and many more beautiful and unusual animals.
"With every voyage we undertake we discover more about Australia's vast deep-sea environment, and there is much to learn," Ms Osterhage said.
Ms Osterhage is a graduate of the University of Tasmania. She worked for CSIRO while studying Bigfin Squid and characterising benthic biota from deep-sea imagery.
The paper "Multiple observations of Bigfin Squid (Magnapinna sp.) in the Great Australian Bight reveal distribution patterns, morphological characteristics, and rarely seen behaviour" was published in PLOS ONE with authors from CSIRO and Museums Victoria.
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