Future Science Platforms (FSPs) are an investment in science that underpins innovation and that has the potential to help reinvent and create new industries for Australia. FSPs will see us grow the capability of new generation of researchers and allow Australia to attract the best students and experts to work with us on future science.
Here's a short summary of the visions behind each of our new Future Science Platforms: a multi-year, multi-disciplinary investment in our collective future - bringing CSIRO and our partners together to work on the big ideas.
Active Integrated Matter
AIM harnesses digital technology, autonomous systems, and materials science to deliver the transdisciplinary scientific breakthroughs needed for Enlightened Industry, or Industry 5.0. It helps industry tackle global challenges and take advantage of future trends.
AIM uses CSIRO expertise in materials, robotics, processing and sensing technologies and autonomous science to bridge the gap between improving what’s currently possible and paving the way for what soon will be.
Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence (MLAI)
Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence (MLAI) are capabilities that will transform economies and the basis of competition globally, unlock new societal and environmental value and accelerate scientific discovery. Many of the challenges facing our society require multidisciplinary solutions which are larger than a single human brain can solve. MLAI provides the opportunity to solve science challenges using data-driven or model-driven science, increased data interpretation speeds, or increased speed of data analysis.
The MLAI FSP will explore questions such as: how do we use machine learning to augment a scientist’s ability to generate and learn from scientific data? What is the best way to include domain constraints (such as physical laws) and design constraints (such as privacy and fairness) into machine learning models? Where can we exploit genomic information in plant and animal breeding? Why is deep learning so effective in extracting meaningful features? How can we provide explainable AI for decision-making to protect the great barrier reef? Solving these types of challenges will open new vistas of scientific knowledge and positive impact.
Deep Earth Imaging
In the future, Australia's minerals, energy and water resources will come from far greater depths in the Earth and from deep offshore sources, but our ability to find and exploit these resources is limited by the deep and complex cover of sediments and weathered material that covers 80 per cent of Australia's land mass. The science of Deep Earth Imaging will help us more precisely image subsurface rock properties to unlock the potential of this vast and relatively under-explored area.
Digiscape is about harnessing the digital revolution for Australian farmers and land managers. We will solve multiple real-life knowledge shortfalls in the land sector simultaneously by building a common big data infrastructure that will support next generation decision making and transform agricultural industries and environmental action.
Environomics aims to reinvent how we measure and monitor ecosystem health, predict biodiversity responses to environmental change, manage biological resources, detect biosecurity threats and more. This next generation of environmental science will be based on genomics, phenomics, big data informatics and simulation.
Hydrogen Energy Systems
Australia has access to vast energy resources through sun, wind, biomass, natural gas and coal, all of which can be used to produce hydrogen and/or the desired energy carrier compound. The fuel could be used domestically in transport, power generation and to offset more carbon-intensive resources, and Australia could also become a world-leading exporter of low emissions hydrogen.
Australia's current healthcare system is focussed on treating illnesses, but to keep up with our ageing population the focus needs to switch to keeping healthy people healthy. Through engagement with the community to understand their expectations and attitudes to a more tailored healthcare paradigm, and building on programs and developments already underway in the medical field, Precision Health will focus on creating an integrated platform that can be used to proactively manage a person's health throughout the course of their life through highly tailored food, nutrition and lifestyle interventions.
A revolution in healthcare through devices and systems to obtain real-time information from living organisms about their health and well-being. This will lead to the ability to provide health and medical interventions that are timely, customised and highly specific. Innovative autonomous sensing technology also strengthen future biosecurity control for the nation.
The pace of change of emerging science and technology is creating complex issues for societies and their decision-makers. The Responsible Innovation (RI) FSP is a program of research that assesses the potential risks, benefits and uncertainties of future science and technology and ensures socially responsible science and technology is designed and delivered for all Australians.
Building on our existing social science capability, we examine the significant policy, regulatory and ethical challenges presented by novel and disruptive innovations and technologies, which if left unresolved, could hinder progress and innovation needed for future science to deliver benefits to society and future generations. In order to do this successfully, we integrate our tried and tested evaluation and assessment scientific methodologies and processes, and apply new criteria that are purpose-built for these emerging areas.
Launched in November 2018, the Space Technology FSP aims to build capability and generate new innovations with the potential to generate significant societal benefits and commercial opportunities. Research projects supported by the program address the high-value, high-risk leapfrog R&D areas prioritised by the Australian Space Agency to accelerate the growth of the Australian space sector. Our research looks to harness our nation’s technical strengths and natural advantages to drive opportunities for growth and secure Australia’s footprint in the global space ecosystem.
Our Synthetic Biology Future Science Platform is positioning Australia to play a role in one of the fastest growing areas of modern science so that we can understand global developments and contribute to advances in areas including manufacturing, industrial biotechnology, environmental remediation, biosecurity, agriculture, and healthcare research. Synthetic biology (Synbio) is a rapidly expanding multi-billion dollar industry with significant potential for generating societal benefits and commercial opportunities. It will drive innovation in a diverse range of new and existing industries in the future. Our mission is to grow Synbio capacity within CSIRO and across Australia