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1 June 2020 Partner Release

The partners have joined forces to further develop 'cold spray' technology for repairing damaged metal surfaces, to enable the future in situ repair of submarine components.

Successful development of the cold spray technique for this specific maritime application will allow Australian submarines to remain at sea for longer, without the need to dock for lengthy repairs.

Cold spray is an additive manufacturing and repair method that uses a stream of supersonic gas to accelerate metal powder particles at a surface, building up a dense deposit.

The innovative process occurs below the melting temperatures of the metals involved, which avoids damaging the structural integrity of the components and surrounding area.

See a cold spray demonstration video.

ASC Chief Executive Officer Stuart Whiley said:

"It's vitally important for ASC to be on the cutting edge of submarine sustainment innovation, to continually improve Australia's submarine availability to the Royal Australian Navy service," Mr Whiley said.

"The use of additive manufacturing for the repair of critical submarine components, including the pressure hull, will mean faster, less disruptive repairs for our front line Collins Class submarine fleet."

Research Team Leader at CSIRO, Dr Peter King, said:

"CSIRO and ASC have been working together for a number of years, exploring ways to use cold spray of nickel to repair corrosion," Dr King said.

"CSIRO has spearheaded the adoption of cold spray by Australian industry since first introducing the technology 18 years ago. We have developed unique cold spray-based solutions for the printing industry, aerospace, rail and for combating marine biofouling. The team is focussed on working closely with local companies to develop new intellectual property for Australia and to deliver on national missions such as building sovereign capability," Dr King said.

The two-year project seeks to deliver breakthroughs in submarine repair and cost-of-ownership reductions for the Royal Australian Navy, through expert contributions from industrial and research partners.

DMTC Chief Executive Officer, Dr Mark Hodge, welcomed the commencement of the new project.

"This project builds on the relationship between ASC and CSIRO since 2015 but will also leverage DMTC's long history in developing cold spray as a repair technology for defence applications. Our work to date has mainly focused on the aerospace domain, but we are now looking to apply that to submarines and other defence applications," Dr Hodge said.

The project will see ASC engineers working with CSIRO's Lab22 research facility for additive manufacturing of metals, in Melbourne, to develop portable equipment for in-situ repair in the confines of a submarine.

Once successfully proven and certified, ASC will be licensed to use cold spray to support its work as Australia’s submarine sustainment organisation, primarily in supporting the Collins Class submarine fleet.

This media release originally appeared at ASC and partners to pioneer additive manufacturing for submarines


CSIRO Scientist, Andrew Urban, operating the cold spray machine. ©  Nick Pitsas

B-roll video

A team of Melbourne researchers at CSIRO’s Lab22 Centre for Metallic Additive Manufacturing, has devised a way to 3D print a complex bespoke self-expanding stent using an additive manufacturing process called Selective Laser Melting (SLM).
The 3D printed nitinol stent is as flexible as a commercially available stent.

Background information


As Australia's national science agency, CSIRO is solving the greatest challenges through innovative science and technology. CSIRO uses collaborative research to turn science into solutions for food security and quality; clean energy and resources; health and wellbeing; resilient and valuable environments; innovative industries; and a secure Australia and region. CSIRO has been a world-leader in cold spray additive manufacturing, since introducing the technology to Australia in 2003.

About DMTC Limited

DMTC Limited (formerly, the Defence Materials Technology Centre) develops and delivers technology and manufacturing solutions that strengthen Australian industrial capacity in areas identified as sovereign defence priorities. DMTC outcomes are achieved through collaborative partnerships between Defence, government research agencies, universities and industrial partners.

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