On Australia’s desert plains in the west, Old Man Saltbush (Atriplex nummularia), a salt-loving, native shrub, thrives and is often the only vegetation in sight.
But it's in the paddock where the devouring of this humble shrub is most important. Saltbush's drought-tolerant qualities make it the ideal fodder for sheep and cattle to graze on during feed gaps when there's little else available.
Recognising an opportunity to improve shrub systems, we worked with partners in government and industry to select and develop a special variety for farmers to use as a supplementary feed. It’s called Anameka Saltbush (Anameka).
It’s preferred by sheep, has a higher nutritional value than standard saltbushes, and can help regenerate the land. It also thrives on soils that are challenging to grow crops.
A taste for saltbush
Anameka was selected from 60,000 saltbush plants collected from across Australia, each with different qualities.
In coming up with the ideal saltbush to improve farm profit, our team was keen to find a higher energy variety that sheep and cattle loved eating.
Our agricultural scientist, Dr Hayley Norman, said sheep are surprisingly fussy eaters.
"We followed their lead by observing which plants the sheep preferred in the paddock," Hayley said.
"We found stark differences between shrub varieties with some picked bare while others were left untouched.
"Season after season, the sheep kept going back to the same plants. Our analysis found these to have higher energy values, ticking the box for what we were looking for."
Anameka Saltbush has 20 per cent higher energy than other plants assessed. It contains high levels of crude protein, sulphur, minerals and Vitamin E. It also offers higher feeding value and profitability when compared to standard saltbushes.
Branching out east to support farmers
About six million Anameka shrubs have been planted to date, mostly in WA to utilise land impacted by dryland salinity.
And now they’re heading east, with hundreds of thousands of Anameka Saltbush currently being planted in new regions across Australia’s southeast.
Our Drought Resilience Mission is driving the adoption of the shrub to support farmers and lower the impacts of droughts.
Hayley said modelling and farmer feedback indicates the productivity benefits are greatest during dry years or particular seasons.
"Livestock producers face annual feed gaps over summer and autumn when there is low rainfall and this period can be extended or exacerbated during a drought," Hayley said.
"Farmers often need feed supplements to meet energy, protein, vitamin and mineral requirements during this time. Planting Anameka offers farmers a long-term solution to meet feed gaps, as they can grow for over 20 years if managed well.”
Our research in WA has found Anameka offers 20 per cent higher economic returns compared to standard saltbushes, particularly in relatively dry years. This includes greater wool and meat production, and reduced supplementary feed.
Shelter and fodder on the plains
Marcus Hooke, a merino sheep farmer in Booroorban, southern New South Wales, is hoping to capture some of these benefits.
This winter, he is doubling the number of Anameka in his paddocks with lamb survivability a key driver.
“It’s early days but we believe the benefits of Saltbush will be long-term,” Mr Hooke said.
“For us the benefits will be two-sided in providing crucial shelter to lambs to improve their survivability out on the plains during colder months, and for feed to provide energy during dry seasons.”
Marcus is one of 325 farmers who have adopted Anameka Saltbush across Australia.
Sharing tips for success
A key aspect is ensuring farmers have the tools they need to realise long term benefits.
“We’re running a series of field days to share tips and knowledge with farmers in eastern Australia so they can effectively grow Anameka and make the most of it,” Hayley said.
“Success will see Anameka Saltbush adopted more widely across the country.”
Our partners include Chatfield’s Tree Nursery, Tulla Natives, Select Carbon, Meat & Livestock Australia, WA Government’s Department of Primary Industries and Regional Development, Australian Wool Innovation and several producer groups across Australia. The work has also received funding from the Australian Government’s Future Drought Fund.
Farmers interested in exploring Anameka can contact Tulla Natives nursery for supply to New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia and Queensland, or Chatfield’s Tree Nursery for WA.