Keeping track of the world's emissions
To curb human-induced climate change, governments, industries and the community need comprehensive information about the processes responsible for the emission and absorption of greenhouse gases, and what remains in the atmosphere.
The Global Carbon Project is meeting this need by developing global budgets that provide a complete picture of the cycles (including natural and human drivers) of the main greenhouse gases, carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O). These are the three greenhouse gases that contribute most to human-induced global warming.
The Global Carbon Project is a Global Research Project of Future Earth and a research partner of the World Climate Research Programme. It was formed to work with the international science community to establish a common and mutually agreed knowledge base to support policy debate and action to slow down and ultimately stop the increase of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. Dozens of research institutions around the world voluntarily contribute to the various budget efforts to updated them and improve the underlaying scientific rigour. CSIRO is proud to contribute and provide leadership on these efforts, in addition to hosting the International Global Carbon Project Office.
The global greenhouse gas budgets are published regularly through scientific papers that outline the methodologies and data used for transparency and traceability, along with key messages. The research detailed in these papers is based on emissions from multiple national and global inventories, a diverse modelling capability covering land, oceans, and atmosphere, and various approaches for future projections.
Find out more about the individual greenhouse gas budgets
Global carbon budget
Carbon dioxide is the most significant greenhouse gas contributing to human-induced global warming. The Global Carbon Project’s global carbon budget provides detailed information about the sources and sinks of carbon dioxide worldwide. CSIRO works with many international partners to develop the budget annually.
Global methane budget
Emissions of methane, a greenhouse gas more potent than carbon dioxide, are rising at an accelerating rate. The Global Carbon Project’s global methane budget details the sources and sinks of this important greenhouse gas. CSIRO works with many international partners to develop the budget every second year.
Global nitrous oxide budget
Nitrous oxide in the atmosphere contributes to global warming as well as depleting the ozone layer. The Global Carbon Project’s global nitrous oxide budget presents an inventory of the sources and sinks of nitrous oxide. The budget is developed by an international team, which includes CSIRO.