In 2018, CSIRO released the National Hydrogen Roadmap, which outlines Australia’s opportunity to build an economically sustainable domestic and export hydrogen industry that could deliver economic benefit and support global decarbonisation.

This showcase highlights the findings of our newest report in the hydrogen domain, which explores the supporting role of RD&D across five active hydrogen industry opportunities areas: hydrogen export and the integration of hydrogen into gas networks, transport systems, electricity systems and industrial processes.

This report was developed in parallel with Australia’s National Hydrogen Strategy and will support implementation of the Strategy.

For full referencing against statistics and other data represented below, please refer to the full report.

Download the executive summary [pdf · 1mb]

Download the report [pdf · 2mb]

Download the technical appendix [pdf · 2mb]

View Hydrogen Technology Marketplace

Hydrogen - fuel of the future

Hydrogen is the most abundant element in the universe and a clean-cut burning fuel. We're looking into how it can be integrated into power generation, transport, manufacturing and energy storage, both in Australia and overseas.

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Narrator: Our energy system is evolving, and there are plenty of sustainable solutions that can keep us powering ahead.

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One of these solutions is hydrogen, the most abundant element in the universe.

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There are a couple of different ways to produce hydrogen, like with natural gas, or by using

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electrolysis from renewable sources.

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Hydrogen can power cars, support our electricity system.

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Is used in many industrial applications and can even be used for energy storage.

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The only by-product of burning hydrogen is water.

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And new technology means that carriers like ammonia

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can store and transport hydrogen to where it’s needed.

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There are many opportunities for collaboration,

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and Australia could take the lead.

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CSIRO is investing in research that will help ensure hydrogen has a role to play in our energy future.

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The Australian landscape

What is the current state of play in Australia for Hydrogen projects? Explore our interactive map to discover the current state of play for Hydrogen research, development and demonstration across Australia.

Open the map

Achieving impact from Hydrogen RD&D

Australia’s performance in hydrogen research is extremely strong, as evidenced by both increasing volume and by recognition amongst the global research community.

However, various insights reveal that conversion of research into IP and impact has not followed the same trend.


Market activation and realisation of opportunities requires investment amongst various stakeholder groups (eg. industry, government and research) so that the hydrogen industry can continue to scale in a coordinated manner.

Global hydrogen industry developments will address many market activation challenges; however, RD&D is required to overcome current barriers and help stimulate demand.

Importantly, solving the challenges identified can have a multiplier effect that boosts demand for hydrogen – particularly in large scale industrial settings – and encourages further hydrogen supply cost reductions through improvements in efficiency and economies of scale. Further, it can help to grow technology, manufacturing and service businesses that provide highly competitive solutions to the hydrogen industry and are differentiated using science, technology and innovation.

RD&D Technologies

Key Challenges supported by RD&D

Export Challenges:

  • Produce low-cost hydrogen and hydrogen carriers at scale
  • Store and distribute hydrogen economically at scale
  • Inform and understand export value chains and market requirements

Gas Network Challenges:

  • Develop network and pipeline solutions
  • Demonstrate integration of blended and 100 per cent hydrogen in gas networks
  • Prepare domestic and commercial appliances for hydrogen gas

Transport Challenges:

  • Plan strategic deployment of cost-effective refuelling infrastructure
  • Use hydrogen for transport, especially heavy and long-range transport
  • Build safety and environmental cases and inform community acceptance

Electricity System Challenges:

  • Understand and manage grid integration of hydrogen technologies
  • Integrate hydrogen production and storage solutions in distributed systems
  • Develop hydrogen solutions to allow for inter-seasonal variation

Industrial Process Challenges:

  • Switch current industrial hydrogen users to clean hydrogen
  • Develop use cases to adapt current processes to use hydrogen and its derivatives
  • Establish new market opportunities for zero or low emissions hydrogen

Underpinning opportunities

Hydrogen Research, Development & Demonstration (RD&D)

Media contact
For more information, please contact Ms Claire Ginn at