Blog icon

Remote communities, industries, agriculture and mining sites can all benefit from fit-to-purpose water treatment stations. They all have opportunities to recover clean water from saline groundwater or industrial water sources using reverse osmosis (RO).

However, a series of pre-treatment steps – including the addition of chemicals – is typically required to meet strict water quality requirements for the RO process to achieve an acceptable standard.

Our FO-RO technology integrates RO with forward osmosis (FO) at the pre-treatment stage to eliminate the usual, extensive pre-treatment steps. This integration reduces operational costs and reduces the volume of disposable waste brine. It produces a consistent quality of reusable water as a result.


FO-RO offers a range of benefits. The technology:

  • provides a modular and scalable solution with a low treatment footprint
  • eliminates the extensive pre-treatment requirement of reverse osmosis 
  • is an excellent treatment solution for challenging wastewater
  • reduces waste brine volume 
  • provides double barrier protection for microbial contaminants.  


  • Provides potable water for remote communities.
  • Remediates wastewater produced by industries including mining, abattoirs and feedlots.

Intellectual property

Design, construction and operational knowhow from fundamental to large-scale demonstration.

The team

The technologies have been developed by a team of chemical, mechanical and electrical and control engineers, chemists and environmental scientists.

Could this technology provide you with a competitive edge?

Contact us to find out more about our licensing and investment options.

Other opportunities like this

  • Targeted method of regulating gene activity for crop protection and trait modulation.

  • An inexpensive and small unit for capturing carbon dioxide that is agile and readily deployable for different applications in heavy industries, food and beverage production, chemical manufacture, medical and construction.

  • PhenoMobile® Lite technology is a mobile ground-based platform for the phenotyping of crops.

Contact us

Find out how we can help you and your business. Get in touch using the form below and our experts will get in contact soon!

CSIRO will handle your personal information in accordance with the Privacy Act 1988 (Cth) and our Privacy Policy.

First name must be filled in

Surname must be filled in

I am representing *

Please choose an option

Please provide a subject for the enquriy

0 / 100

We'll need to know what you want to contact us about so we can give you an answer

0 / 1900

You shouldn't be able to see this field. Please try again and leave the field blank.