Blog icon

4 November 2013 News Release

For many years Australia's most famous horse has been in pieces. Phar Lap's heart — currently preserved in a jar of formaldehyde - is at the National Museum of Australia (NMA) in Canberra, his hide is in the Melbourne Museum, and his skeleton is at the Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa.

Today, students from three schools in Willunga, South Australia, Mornington Peninsula, Victoria and Townsville, Queensland will have the chance to see the legendary horse’s heart and hide and skeleton at the same time, while speaking to museum experts about the three exhibits. And they won’t even have to leave the classroom.

The students will be led by an expert guide from the NMA, through CSIRO’s museum robot.  Logging in through their classroom smart board or local library computers, students will control their own unique view using the 360 degree panoramic camera on the robot’s head and can click on items in the exhibit to bring up images and more information.

“While the classroom sweep can be a bit of fun on Melbourne Cup day, we are giving students a much richer cultural and educational experience that they’ll hopefully remember for a long time,” manager of the museum robot program at the National Museum Robert Bunzli said.

“The students absolutely love hearing about animals and the part they have played in Australian history. Horses are a particular favourite of course, and most of them have heard of Phar Lap but don’t know anything about him.”

“The feedback from teachers and students has been overwhelmingly positive. To date we’ve done 70 virtual tours for nearly 1000 participants at schools and libraries across Australia and we plan to reach many more.”

Dr Jonathan Roberts, robotics expert at CSIRO said the successful trial of the museum robot has shown that the combination of immersive learning technology and fast broadband can deliver educational experiences at culturally significant sites to students no matter where they live in Australia.

“We are now looking to extend the application of our mobile telepresence system into other areas including remote training, retail, mining and manufacturing industries," Dr Roberts said.

"At the moment we are investigating how this system could be used to remotely deliver health services such as providing specialist services to regional and remote communities, conducting medical training or facilitating remote ward rounds.”


Phar Lap's heart is currently on display at the National Museum of Australia. It weighs 6.51kg and is 50 per cent larger than a normal horses heart. ©  National Museum of Australia
Phar Lap's hide is currently on display at the Melbourne Museum, he stands 17.1 hands high. ©  Museum Victoria
Phar Lap's skeleton is currently on display at the Museum of New Zealand in Wellington. Phar Lap was foaled in NZ and had a New Zealand horse trainer Harry Telford. ©  Te Papa Tongarewa, Kate Whitley
Facts and figures about Phar Lap and CSIRO's museum robot.
A guide from the National Museum of Australia uses the museum robot to show students Phar Lap’s heart. ©  IRENE DOWDY

Background information

This project is an Australian Government funded initiative.

About the Museum Robot

The museum robot mobile telepresence system was developed by robotics researchers from CSIRO’s Digital Productivity and Services Flagship.

While there are already some robots in museums around the world, CSIRO’s technology is unique in that it allows multiple remote visitors to have their own individual experience while interacting with their museum educator. It has also been designed with an interface to allow the museum educator to easily ask questions and see answers from multiple remote users.

For more information visit

Phar Lap facts

  • Phar Lap’s heart weighed 6.35kg and is 50% bigger than a normal horse heart, and is on display at the National Museum of Australia
  • The Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa now holds Phar Lap’s skeleton
  • Phar Lap’s hide is at the Melbourne Museum
  • PharLap was foaled in Timaru, NZ in 1926 and was trained by Harry Telford a New Zealand horse trainer in Sydney  
  • Phar Lap’s was 17.1 hands high
  • Phar Lap’s nick name was ‘Big Red’ because of his Chestnut colour
  • Phar Lap started favourite in three successive Melbourne Cups
  • In 1930, he won a race on each of the four days of the 1930 Flemington spring carnival, including the Melbourne Cup. He was the blaze of hope for a nation deep in economic depression
  • Criminals in Melbourne tried to shoot Phar Lap on the Saturday morning before his 1930 Melbourne Cup win
  • Phar Lap’s total career winnings were £70,125
  • On the 5th April 1932 Phar Lap suddenly died, in agonising pain, from a mysterious illness. An examination of his internal organs showed they were highly inflamed and that he may have been poisoned.
  • In 2008, scientists used a synchrotron to analyse hairs taken from Phar Lap's mane. Their results found that 35-40 hours before his death, Phar Lap ingested a large dose of arsenic.

Facts courtesy of the National Museum of Australia, Museum Victoria and Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa.

Contact us

Find out how we can help you and your business. Get in touch using the form below and our experts will get in contact soon!

CSIRO will handle your personal information in accordance with the Privacy Act 1988 (Cth) and our Privacy Policy.

First name must be filled in

Surname must be filled in

I am representing *

Please choose an option

Please provide a subject for the enquriy

0 / 100

We'll need to know what you want to contact us about so we can give you an answer

0 / 1900

You shouldn't be able to see this field. Please try again and leave the field blank.