Australia’s inland waters support a rich diversity of life, impacted by boom-and-bust extremes in water availability and vulnerable to extraction of water for human uses.
Solutions to declining freshwater biodiversity in Australia include:
- striking a more sustainable balance between water allocated to the environment versus water allocated to other uses
- restoring habitats in rivers and streams
- controlling invasive species
- conserving endemic species that are unique to particular catchments.
Australia is one of only a few countries in the world with a strong policy framework for effectively managing river systems. Promoting individual and community participation in decision-making for water resource management is also an effective way of achieving conservation, rehabilitation and sustainable management of inland waters.
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Carmel Pollino and Carol Couch