This chapter discusses the leading threats to Australia's biodiversity and how they are being managed, particularly through the use of decision making tools.
Land managers in Australia are using an array of different measures to manage threats to biodiversity.
There are two leading threats to Australia’s biodiversity: habitat loss and invasive species. Additional threats include overgrazing, altered fire regimes, over-harvesting, water pollution and climate change.
Potential management actions in response to these threats include:
- implementing conservation reserves
- controlling invasive species
- restoring of degraded ecosystems
- translocating or captive breeding of endangered plants and animals.
Decision tools can help land managers make the best choices when managing and restoring biodiversity. These decision tools help determine which management actions should be taken, when and where, in the face of competing societal values, economic constraints and scientific uncertainty.
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