This chapter discusses the role of the National Reserve System in sustaining Australia's biodiversity. More work needs to be done to make our protected area network effective into the future, such as the inclusion of more privately-managed land.
Sustaining Australia’s biodiversity across a network of protected areas, complemented by whole of landscape conservation management, is one of our greatest environmental challenges.
Australia’s National Reserve System provides a 430 million hectare foundation for biodiversity conservation. It aims to ‘secure long-term protection for samples of all our diverse ecosystems and the plants and animals they support’.
Off-reserve management on private lands is complementing the National Reserve System. Approaches include creating habitat corridors, enhancing remnant bush and coordinating management of larger tracts of private and public land.
Work remains before our National Reserve System and complementary measures will fully connect habitats across landscapes and seascapes. Such ‘connectivity conservation’ will allow species to move through a region regardless of whether or not the area is part of a formal reserve system and will support ecosystems to survive and flourish in the long-term.Download the chapter or the whole book [PDF and EPUB versions available]