In this chapter, the editors of the book look at the major challenges facing Australia's biodiversity and its management and identify five areas where there is potential for substantial progress in the future.
The cultural and scientific values of Australia’s biodiversity are globally significant. Despite its rapid and ongoing decline, we remain optimistic about the way forward for biodiversity in Australia.
Three challenges stand out to the authors:
- science is still wrestling with the effective measurement of biodiversity
- the undeniable evidence of significant biodiversity loss demands actions
- managing biodiversity requires compromise because of the varied values that humans bring to their decisions.
Based on their experiences working in biodiversity science, the authors present their five top potential advances that seem to offer the greatest promise for the future of biodiversity in Australia:
- fill key gaps in our scientific knowledge of Australia’s biodiversity
- build community involvement in managing biodiversity
- build national consensus on biodiversity priorities and establish performance measures for these in Australia’s national accounts
- institute a national program of biodiversity monitoring
- focus on creating resilience in our biodiversity.
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Steve Morton and Andy Sheppard