This chapter looks at the impact of modern agricultural and forestry practices on Australia's biodiversity and what research is telling us about better managing agricultural landscapes for biodiversity.
The abundance of many species of Australian plants and animals has been greatly changed by modern agricultural and forestry practices.
Since the 1970s, biodiversity conservation in agricultural landscapes has been strongly driven by the voluntary actions of landholders. Going forward, progress will rely on technical support, policies, legislative arrangements and financial assistance.
Maintaining biodiversity in areas of intensive farming and forestry will require these areas to be embedded within larger areas made up of areas of less intensive agricultural production and areas of native vegetation that is managed for conservation.
Adopting less intensive methods of agricultural production can enhance biodiversity by enabling native species to coexist alongside farming and forestry. In turn, enhanced biodiversity can benefit agricultural production, such as by recycling nutrients in the soil.
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