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23 May 2022: New Omega-3 Canola products Aquaterra® for aquafeed and Nutriterra® for human nutrition

Omega-3 canola is now available commercially.

Omega-3 canola was developed in a partnership between CSIRO, the GRDC and Nuseed. Great progress has been reported by Nuseed, initially from North America, in the development of commercial oil products for aquafeed (Aquaterra®) and as a nutritional supplement for human health (Nutriterra®) So far, all safety, stewardship and regulatory steps have been passed and market outcomes are beginning to be realised. The latest information is available on the Nuseed website.

20 April 2022: Using structural biology to understand and engineer plant immunity

A crystal structure of a protein involved in pathogen virulence (from wheat stem rust).

Insight into how plant pathogens cause disease and how plants recognise and respond to these pathogens is being investigated from a structural biology perspective in a collaboration between CSIRO and Australian National University researchers. In a recent discussion paper in Current Opinion in Plant Biology the researchers reviewed the recent advances in the field and highlighted future opportunities and directions for engineering designer resistance proteins to provide more durable disease resistance in crops.

12 April 2022: CSIRO’s High Amylose Wheats proving their worth

High amylose wheat has been proven to be a healthy option.

Two recent publications discuss and substantiate the beneficial gut health properties of food products from the high amylose wheats initially developed at CSIRO in partnership with GRDC and Groupe Limagrain. These wheats are now commercialised globally via Arista Cereal Technologies with Australian Grain Technologies licensed to breed varieties for the Australian market. CSIRO Health and Biosecurity scientists Damien Belobradjic and Tony Bird feature as co-authors in these respective papers in Frontiers in Public Health and The Journal of Nutrition. More information on future delivery in Australian Grain Technologies.

6 April 2022: Tackling an intractable pathogen in chickpeas

We are studying genetic resistance against the sclerotinia rot pathogen in chickpeas.

The devastating sclerotinia rot pathogen has a wide host range including important pulses and oilseeds and host resistance is difficult to identify and develop further in crop breeding programs. A collaborative publication in Functional Plant Biology involving CSIRO, Curtin University and the University of Adelaide, partly supported by the GRDC, reports on a genetic analysis of quantitative resistance in chickpeas and the location of genomic resistance loci for breeding applications.

28 March 2022: Keeping wheat upright

We have tested wheat against lodging.

Lodging in wheat can have a substantial impact on final grain yield.

In a recent publication in Theoretical and Applied Genetics [PDF · 3.6MB] a GRDC-funded collaboration involving CSIRO, Agriculture Victoria Research and Queensland Department of Agriculture and Fisheries reports on low-lodging high-yielding wheat germplasm and the tagging of novel alleles for lodging.

25 March 2022: 60 years of CSIRO's research celebrated by Australian Journal of Grape and Wine Research

CSIRO has a long and continuing history in grape research.

A compendium of 11 research articles from CSIRO researchers comprises a 2022 special issue of the Australian Journal of Grape and Wine Research to celebrate 60 years of CSIRO’s engagement with the nation’s grape and wine industries. CSIRO’s research, usually in partnership with Wine Australia and a range of collaborators, has resulted in many new grapevine varieties, rootstocks and farming practices, all underpinned by science excellence. Read the Forward to the special issue authored by CSIRO's Paul Boss and Michiel van Lookeren Campagne.

15 March 2022: New Soybean variety Gwydir released

Gwydir is a new variety of soybean.

The soybean breeding collaboration of CSIRO, NSW DPI and GRDC has led to the recent commercial release of the new high protein soybean variety Gwydir that is well adapted to the Northern NSW production regions. Grain from Gwydir is suited for the human food and crushing markets.

Soybeans and other pulses form an important part of CSIRO’s Future Protein strategy to meet the projected growing global demand for diverse protein supplies. Gwydir is being commercialised by Soy Australia.

11 March 2022: Future-proofing wheat for climate change

Deeper sowing with long coleoptile wheats provides access to soil moisture.

Long coleoptile wheats, that can be sown into deep moist soil layers, show tremendous promise for yield improvement in the hotter dry conditions expected in future climates. In a recent paper in Nature Climate Change CSIRO teams in crop breeding and farming systems have worked together and put a dollar value on the potential future benefits of the long coleoptile trait. They estimate that wheat varieties with longer coleoptiles would increase farmers’ profits by a staggering average of $2.3-2.4b/year total annually across Australia. More information in an associated CSIRO ECOS article.

11 March 2022: Fishing for introgressed chromosomes in complex polyploid genomes

New research has found genes for stress tolerance in sugarcane.

A new paper in Theoretical and Applied Genetics [PDF · 1.4MB] from scientists of CSIRO, Sugar Research Australia and the USA Hudson Alpha Institute for Biotechnology demonstrates a novel method to isolate an individual chromosome from a highly complex genome for sequencing analysis. They isolate and sequenced an Erianthus chromosome from an inter-generic introgression hybrid with sugarcane which has >100 chromosomes. The Erianthus chromosome carries many candidate genes for stress tolerance.

12 October 2021: Awn-less dual-purpose wheat varieties reduce frost risk for growers

New varieties of awn-less dual-purpose wheat have been released.

Two new wheat varieties were recently released for 2022 planting by Longreach Plant Breeders that were derived from wheat lines selected at CSIRO. The new wheat varieties LPB Dale and LPB Dual can produce milling quality grain but because they are awn-less they can safely be used for animal feed if grain production has been compromised by frost. Variety details are available at the Longreach Plant Breeders website and further background information is in a media article by Grain Central.

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