Indigenous concepts that connect people to their Country and to living things through a web of relationships are akin to the meaning of the English term biodiversity.
Many Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people today rely upon Australia’s biodiversity because bush foods, medicines and materials are components of their economies, personal identity and culture.
Indigenous peoples are aware of changes to Australia’s biodiversity through long-term observations, sustained residence and oral history. Their solutions to declines in biodiversity focus on people and on practical on-ground actions, particularly burning and manipulating target species for hunting and gathering.
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Fiona Walsh, Peter Christophersen and Sandra McGregor